Sunday, May 24, 2020

A Critical Concerns Surrounding The Tallits Male...

When we walk into the sanctuary of any synagogue, the first sights we most likely see are the aron hakodesh, the eternal lamp, and every man in the congregation wearing a tallit, the ritual prayer shawl worn during weekday and Shabbat morning services. Now, we might also see women wearing the tallit, too. In more recent years, women in synagogue have begun to wear the tallit as a movement towards egalitarianism, taking religious practice into their own hands and projecting a personal style to boot. In this paper, we will explore the critical concerns surrounding the tallit’s male-dominated origins, the move by women to wear the tallit on practical and symbolic levels, and the tallit as a method of personal expression. The Origins of the Tallit Based on the sea of tallitot we observe on men and women’s shoulders in synagogue, we might think that the tallit has Biblical roots. Understanding where the tallit, and the commandment to wear it, come from, however, requires both closer analytical and physical examination. The actual commandment is to wear tzitzit, or fringes, on the corners of our garments: Speak unto the children of Israel, and bid them that they make them throughout their generations fringes in the corners of their garments, and that they put with the fringe of each corner a thread of blue. (Numbers 15:38) This passage, which also appears in the blessings of the Shema, commands the wearing of tzitzit as a reminder to fulfill the mitzvoth and commandments in

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Benefits of Cloning Essay examples - 737 Words

Cloning is the process of making a genetically identical organism through the use of a DNA sample. After the first cloned sheep dolly was created, many people were keen in knowing more about cloning and its benefit to society. Additionally, many of us want to know the pros and con the disadvantages and possible risks it may have on society and mankind. Most importantly, there are three types of cloning, therapeutic, reproductive, and embryonic cloning. These types of cloning are all ways of scientists trying to find ways to produce a living organism or organs. Undoubtedly, cloning is a topic that raises many question when brought up within society. However we can’t dismiss the fact that the process could benefit the lives of human†¦show more content†¦This is a form of therapeutic cloning in which scientists use embryo to grow human organs. Most importantly, it could be used to improve the quantity and quality of our foods products. However, this form of cloning is actually destroying our human embryos, which initially causes many to wonder whether this idea of cloning id worth it in the end. Recently, there has been the idea of scientists trying to clone animals for food. Although products from cloned animals are more likely to be safe, we still have to do a more comprehensive study to examine the safety of the foods. Mellon (2006) argued that If consumers arent going to be told if their meat is from a clone, FDA has to be certain that meat is safe (para.2)†. It’s important that consumers know what is entering their body because if the cloned products causes the consumer to get sick, then the consumer have the right to take any legal action against the FDA. In addition, just because a cloned organism may appear normal, doesn’t mean that it may not have any genetic defect; cause most of the time many cloned organisms always seem to have a genetic defect that causes them to die at an early age. Unquestionably, cloning is a good way for scientists to find new developing cells or genetically transform an organism. However, it could have an enormous impact within our society. Many scientists are now starting to realize that cloning could lead to psychological harm uponShow MoreRelatedThe Potential Benefits Of Cloning1068 Words   |  5 PagesCloning Cloning has been one of the most widely discussed and controversial scientific topics in the past decade. Cloning has been applied in many fields including the creation of new breeds of plants and animals. However, the cloning of plants has been practiced for hundreds of years. Cloning can be done on a larger level in animals and has potential benefits. The general process of cloning is to take one cell from the parent making the offspring and parent genetically identical (Tsunoda andRead MoreThe Benefits of Cloning Essay1095 Words   |  5 PagesThe Advantages of Cloning The first successfully cloned mammal was created on February of 1997. It was a breakthrough in scientific research when the Scottish scientists cloned a sheep by the name of Dolly. The method of cloning requires the extraction of DNA from anywhere on a subjects body and inserting that DNA into a womans egg. Worldwide attention was turned to the prospect of human cloning and with a push for sweeping prohibition (Tribe 459) legislatures around the world banned anyRead MoreThe Benefits of Human Cloning1337 Words   |  6 PagesThe Benefits of Human Cloning There are many ways in which in which human cloning is expected to benefit mankind. Below is a list that is far from complete. †¢ Dr. Richard Seed, one of the leading proponents of human cloning technology, suggests that it may someday be possible to reverse the aging process because of what we learn from cloning. †¢ Human cloning technology could be used to reverse heart attacks. Scientists believe that they may be able to treat heart attack victims by cloning theirRead MoreBenefits of Cloning Essay1375 Words   |  6 PagesBenefits of Cloning What if while walking down the street you encountered someone who looked exactly like you? Would you stare in amazement or would your heart be filled with fear? At first some people may look upon the idea of cloning with disgust and question themselves if humans should play God while others would be interested and study the many possibilities that cloning offers. This illustrates the path that cloning has taken over the latter part of the twentieth century. At first, whenRead More The Benefits of Cloning Essay970 Words   |  4 PagesThe Benefits of Cloning Imagine having a twin that looks and acts exactly like you. Even more interesting this twin is a product of scientific cloning. If scientists have their way, identical replicas of human beings will be roaming the earth. This scientific vision may occur a lot more recent then many think. Cloning can be (better) understood by looking at it’s definition, process, and some examples. This first step to better understanding cloning is to hear precisely what it is. CloningRead MoreEssay on Benefits of Human Cloning614 Words   |  3 PagesBenefits of Human Cloning Some of the Benefits of cloning are very appealing. Listed below are some of the benefits which could be possible with the use of cloning technology: †¢ Rejuvenation. Dr. Richard Seed, one of the leading proponents of human cloning technology, suggests that it may someday be possible to reverse the aging process because of what we learn from cloning. †¢ Human cloning technology could be used to reverse heart attacks. Scientists believe that they may be able to treatRead More The Benefits of Cloning Research Essay1449 Words   |  6 PagesThe Benefits of Cloning Research   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã¢â‚¬Å"To be or not to be†¦Ã¢â‚¬  In the last fifty years new forms of technology have been the center of attention for every human being. It seems that every day scientists come up with some new, perhaps even controversial, and exciting ways to improve the quality of life. These new technologies affect every aspect of life, as we know it. One such technology is the research being done in the area of cloning. Cloning is the production of one or more cells, individualRead MoreEssay on The Benefits of Human Cloning1005 Words   |  5 PagesThe Benefits of Human Cloning In recent years, many new breakthroughs in the areas of science and technology have been discovered. A lot of these discoveries have been beneficial to scientific community and to the people of the world. One of the newest breakthroughs is the ability to clone. Ever since Ian Wilmut and his co-workers completed the successful cloning of an adult sheep named Dolly, there has been an ongoing debate on whether it is right or wrong to continueRead More The Benefits of Cloning Essay examples1063 Words   |  5 PagesThe Advantages of Cloning      Ã‚   People often question whether or not cloning is morally acceptable in our society, and also if it is worth all the money that we spend on research for cloning.   It is hard to believe that not to long ago many people believed that joining a sperm and an egg in a test tube was considered to be morally wrong.   It is now used by millions of doctors around the world.   Cloning is at the beginning stages of being considered morally unacceptable and will soonRead MoreThe Benefits Of Human Reproductive Cloning989 Words   |  4 PagesIn measuring the benefits, human reproductive cloning would be advantageous to the well-being of humans and because it is a fulfillment of personal autonomy. Firstly, this technique is a sound method for infertile couples to have a genetically related ‘child’ and it is a method to provide a patient medical treatment in a form of gene therapy or organ transplants (Hayry 2003). Secondly, the value of personal self-governan ce has been emphasized by human traditions in which the liberty of individuals

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Is Social Justice Really Exist - 924 Words

Hulya Eker Education 364-02 Social Justice Is social justice really exist? Social justice is having equal social rights and social opportunities with everyone else in a society and unfortunately it does not exist due to social stratification and unfair treatment of individuals with different traits (race, culture, sexual orientation, religion, etc). â€Å"Social Stratification can be described as socially-patterned inequality of access to things that a culture defines as desirable† (sociology.uchicago.edu/people 11/20/15). We live in a world where there is a stratification and if there is stratification in a society there will never be social justice so we can simply say that the social stratification means social injustice. Some of the social justice issues are; racism, sexism, poverty, unequal access to health care and education. People do not have equal access to wealth, healthcare, better job opportunities, better housing and living conditions and better education and people who are on the top portion of the casti ng system gets best of everything. â€Å"Americans believe in the American dream: if you work hard and play by the rules, you should be given a chance to go as far as your god given ability will take you. This American ideology that each individual is responsible for his or her life outcomes is the expressed belief of the vast majority of American, rich and poor† (Rothenberg Mayhew p 185). Is that really true? Can people really achieve their highest standards ifShow MoreRelated John Rawls and Political Liberalism Essay1640 Words   |  7 PagesLiberalism Describe in detail the role that the ideas of â€Å"overlapping consensus† and â€Å"comprehensive doctrine† play in Rawl’s theoretical answer to the fundamental question of Political Liberalism: â€Å"How is it possible for there to exist over time a just and stable society of free and equal citizens, who remain profoundly divided by reasonable religious, philosophical, and moral doctrines?† (Rawls 4). More specifically, how do these concepts help to preserve the traditional liberalRead MoreThe Soul and the Body: The Writings of Plato1766 Words   |  7 Pageswhat it means even to just be human. Plato, one of the most famous of the ancient philosophers, was taught by another most famous philosopher, Socrates a man perhaps even better known than him. Unfortunately, Socrates was extremely critical of the social structure of his culture as well as established beliefs and thus subject to legal consequences for his public and highly objection-ab le criticisms of the regime then in control. Finally, the government decided to put Socrates on trial; he was foundRead MoreEssay about Justice901 Words   |  4 Pages Justice When the question is asked quot;Can we live in a just world?quot; In effect it is asking us a variety of things. quot;Can there be justice for all?quot; and quot;Can there be equality for all people?quot;. The answer to this question is no. Unfortunately we live in a world where justice has never really transpired. The first justice that I would like to speak about is personal justice. Blessed are those reared in a household innocence of the deadly sin of envy. Their lives will beRead MoreCriminal Justice Paper854 Words   |  4 PagesCriminal Justice System CJA/204 INTRODUCTION TO CRIMINAL JUSTICE Criminal Justice System This first week the assignment was to Define crime, its relationship to the law, and the two most common models of how society determines which acts are criminal, Describe the government structure as it applies to the criminal justice system, Identify choice theories and the their assumptions in regards to crime, Describe the components of the criminal justice system and the criminal justice processRead MoreIn the daily life of every person and the life of the law, if without a word justice, it means our800 Words   |  4 Pageswithout a word justice, it means our society is condemning that we are indirectly handed with crimes, and we are losing a beauty of justice.For example, Lorri Nandrea, in her essay Having No Hand in the Matter the Athena court of law usually gives a ruling based on the evidence, which it has gathered, instead of trying to look on why the crime is committed. Therefore, some of the victims suffer from unjustly because of the courts judgement is indistinct . Nandrea defines justice in her essay, sheRead MorePure Theory of Law1618 Words   |  7 PagesJustice has been used in our daily life in free flow but the functioning of judicial system in any place where law is supreme; the justice has been construed as what the courts do. Except this, justice can’t be traced in any other form. People who get the decision in his favour finds the court as the source of justice seconded by his happiness while on the other hand the other party would always consider the court as legitimising nothing but his sorrows. So in this way the main question arises thatRead MoreSkincare Companies in India Using Local Prejudices about Having Dark Skin as a Tool for Making More Money1291 Words   |  5 Pagesoccurred. As the world’s history has progressed, the human race has progressed to concoct ideas like human rights, equality for all, and justice and fairness for all regardless of skin color, nationality, or beliefs. A deeper concern for the outward justices such as the right to life there are inward justices that must be met as well. Some of these inward justices include the right to think whatever one wants to think; to worship the way one wants to worship; and to be treated as a human. It is sadRead MoreDivine Justice In King Lear And Antigone1619 Words   |  7 PagesBC, the idea of divine justice was challenged in the work of Antigone, when she battles Creon to establish a predominant theme of God versus man. During the Elizabethan era/Pre-Christian world, divine justice was a major concept in King Lear because religion played a substantial role in everyday life. Divine justice is belief that a higher power has all the answers to life’s questions, and that good triumphs over evil. In the works of King Lear and Antigone divine justice is a standard of livingRead MoreW.E.B Dubois’ Theory on the â€Å"Double Consciousness† Conflict/Radical Marxist Theory as It Applies to the Novel – a Le sson Before Dying1462 Words   |  6 Pagesworld where society views you as one way, and where one sees himself another way can really confuse an individual’s self-worth. This is what Grant struggles with, it’s not that he feels inferior or unequal – it’s that he knows he’s equal, if not better than those who see him as below. How can one be a man in a society where he is not considered one? This is Grant’s real struggle and this struggle also exists in other characters throughout the book. The most significant example of the doubleRead MoreStudent Conduct Is A New World1351 Words   |  6 PagesProfessional development is a term that I’m going to have to get used to for the rest of my life and I’m slowly learning how important it really is. In general I believe we all have an idea of what we individually need to work on to grow in our areas but ACPA NASPA have made things clearer by laying every competency out in a rubric for student affairs practitioners. These competencies lay everything out so nicely and show how everything moves along, how we should be growing. Everyday I feel like

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Marketing and Entrepreneurship Swiss Multinational Company

Question: Discuss about theMarketing and Entrepreneurshipfor Swiss Multinational Company. Answer: The provided Nestle website shows that the company engages in more promotional campaigns in Australia compared to its new-product launch. For instance, the Healthy Active Kids campaign that was launched on 3 July 2016 was properly executed (Media 2016). This promotion targeted the Australian parents who needed to enlighten their children about the significance of healthy eating. Before launching this campaign, the company had conducted a survey to help it understand and estimate it targeted audience and their diet. According to the study, the company observed that many parents were concerned about their childrens balanced diet. Nestle thus promoted and encouraged the Australian parents to cook. This campaign is effective, and the company needs to invest it to increase the awareness level. The company stands to benefit by building its brand recognition in childrens hearts because schools find an opportunity to win prizes like The Kitchen Kart(Media 2016). With incidences of obesity in creasing, many parents will use the campaign to instill the culture of healthy eating in their kids. In fact, by promoting cooking, the parents will cut the costs of health care that is eating into their disposable income. The Swiss Multinational Company is also offering extra support to the needy members of the society, especially the indigenous girls. In fact, it is funding their education. The campaign to support the girl child targets the educational segment. Although this funding program has been in place for years, it has now reached many secondary schools across the country. Nonetheless, the company focuses on helping the indigenous girls to complete their education at secondary levels (Media 2016). The campaign is a significant breakthrough for Nestle, as it helps the firm to build a strong brand in the marketplace. Since Nestle is collaborating with various Australian authorities and government, it can actualize this campaign successfully. This is because; most of these secondary schools are serving the families and the community. As a result, the company stands to benefit from this great development because the community and families will view it as a friend and a socially responsible corpora tion (Media 2016). Given its unique and calculated strategies, the companys campaign will offer it a lasting benefit commercially. According to the website, the third campaign focuses on the African continent. Nestle has organized a strategic meeting with stakeholders to address and discuss the challenges affecting the continent (Media 2016). Through this campaign, Nestle is demonstrating that it ready to promote better nutrition and sustainable development in Africa. Based on the rationale of this campaign, the possibility of success is inevitable because it intends to address the fabrics of the African problem. For instance, investing in sustainable development is a timely call that everyone in the African continent aspires. The Swiss Multinational Corporation believes that the achievement of this objective will promote its brand across the African continent (Media 2016). Therefore, Nestle has identified the best market segment to serve because the success of its efforts will promote its image in the society. How worldwide demographic trends are offering opportunities for international marketing The world experiences a demographic transition today, as different countries are at unique stages of the demographic trend (NationalSeniors 2016). For instance, the advanced economies are reporting an aging process that is unique while the developing nations are preparing for this experience. Studies have indicated that developing countries are facing a reduced demographic transition because of the increasing working-age population (Lam and Leibbrandt 2013). Important, the most common demographic trends evident in the modern world include supply trends, demand trends, and external factors. Without a doubt, the trends have had an impact on the international marketing performance (Chatterjee, et al. 2010). The demand trends have become evident due to the emergence of new consumers in the world that require global products and services. Interestingly, the world is has reported a shifting demographic demand because people no longer stay a single location. The digital consumers have also increased due to new technologies(Chatterjee, et al. 2010). With modernization and trade expansion, the segment value has increased. The supply trend is evident because of the escalating volatile input costs. Indeed, even the scarcity of labor has defined the supply trends across the world including the emerging markets(Badkar 2014). Studies have also identified the external factors affecting the demographic trends, such as increasing trade protectionism and tax regimes (Chatterjee, et al. 2010). With the growth in the global economy, many companies want to remain efficient and productive. Unfortunately, the demographic trends seemed to have affected their international business operations. For companies to compete in the global market, it requires strong marketing strategies. Some of the trends the firms have to consider are the developed regional trading blocs and advanced developed wealth in advanced nations. These trends have introduced evolutionary markets like Malaysia, China, India, Australia, and Hungary and increased purchasing power (Ghauri and Cateora 2011). The presence of advanced technology enhancing communication and transportation is a trend. These trends, especially the global geographic have proved beneficial to the international organizations and marketing because every company considers the global recognition (Lam and Leibbrandt 2013). To this effect, the organizations remain prepared to compete. For instance, companies that have failed to operate globally have found it hard to compete in the market, especially following the economic changes in many countries (Ghauri and Cateora 2011). Despite the competition and trends, it is evident that international market is growing at an unprecedented rate. Industries set to benefits from the aging baby boomers The baby boomers stand to benefit various industries including automobiles like Toyota, and technology and communication industry including Apple (Ghauri and Cateora 2011). This generation will also benefit wears industries like Nike, food industry like Nestle, and the sports industry (Sightings 2011). The baby boomers will invest in home needs industries that can keep them warm and guarantee them comfort (MediaCenter 2014). The pharmaceutical industry stands to benefit significantly from baby boomers because they need medications and rigorous preventive care services (ABCNews 2015). With their demand for physical fitness activities increasing, they would boost the Pilates and Yoga Studios industry. Bibliography ABCNews. 2015, "IBISWolrd: Ageing Population Creating Stable Australian Industries", Mirus Australia, March 4, https://www.mirusaustralia.com/aged-care-blog/aged-care-management/ibisworld-ageing-population-creating-stable-australian-industries/ (accessed August 21, 2017). Badkar, M. 2014, "GEORGE Magna: The 5 Big Demographic Trends Are Shaping the World Right Now", Business Insider, April 28, https://www.businessinsider.com/5-demographic-trends-shaping-the-world-2014-4?IR=T (accessed August 21, 2017). Chatterjee, I, Kupper, J, Mariager, C, Moore, P and Reis, S. 2010, "The Decade Ahead: Trends That Will Shape The Consumer Goods Industry", McKinsey Company, pp. 1-18. Ghauri, P and Cateora, P. 2011, "International Marketing", Edinburgh Business School, pp. 152. Lam, D, and Leibbrandt, M. 2013, "Global Demographic Trends and their Implications for Employment", High Level Panel, pp. 1-33. Media. 2016, Nestle, https://www.nestle.com.au/media#itemperpage=20 (accessed August 20, 2017). MediaCenter. 2014, "Booming: Industries Benefiting from the Aging Population", IBISWorld November 17, https://www.ibisworld.com/media/2014/11/17/booming-industries-benefiting-aging-population/ (accessed August 20, 2017). NationalSeniors. 2016, "Ageing Baby Boomers in Australia", National Seniors, https://nationalseniors.com.au/be-informed/research/publications/ageing-baby-boomers-australia (accessed August 21, 2017). Sightings, T. 2011, "Companies that Could Profit from Baby Boomers", U.S News, September 27, https://money.usnews.com/money/blogs/on-retirement/2011/09/27/companies-that-could-profit-from-baby-boomers (accessed August 21, 2017).

Sunday, April 5, 2020

Dj Scharton Essays (820 words) - Gospel Of Luke, The Nightmare Man

Dj Scharton The Falcon This book is written in the perspective of a teenagers life. The writers name is Luke Carver and he is seventeen years old. Luke starts the story off by writing ?Man, is this lame or what? A seventeen year old guy writing a journal.? (pg3) Luke then starts explaining how he was supposed to be writing in his journal over Christmas vacation but he procrastinated as usual. It's now the day before school starts and he only has half a page written. Luke starts writing about his girlfriend Megan and how beautiful she is. Then he goes into explaining how the tri-meet is coming up this Saturday. It takes Luke awhile to get used to the idea of writing a journal but when he does it starts getting interesting. Luke tells about one time that he and his friend Hutch went to top-o-the-world(this is like a lookout spot where you can see for miles). When they got up there Hutch says, ?It'd be pretty cool to climb down there huh (pg. 49) Luke then said, ?Wanna do it (pg. 50) Hutch then mentioned that Luke's mom kind of made him promise to look out for him. After Luke heard that he got angry and their was no talking him out of climbing down. When they were both done climbing down hutch walked the path to the top and Luke climbed the way he got down. One night Hutch spent the night at Luke's and they were sitting watching television and talking. As they were talking Luke asked Hutch if he wanted to visit Lenny, party, and find some girls. They got to Lenny's but he said he couldn't go to the party because he had a ten-page paper that was due the next day. So they left and went to the party. After awhile of standing around someone yelled out, ?Hey, I haven't seen you around before.? This person introduced herself as Sherry Keeler and introduced her friend Kate Samuels to Hutch. The only one not drinking was Luke because he had to drive home. Luke and Sherry went back to her room to go have sex and when they got there Luke started thinking twice and said, ?Thanks anyway, but I can't do this,? (pg. 77) and he ran out to go find Hutch. He found Hutch and told him that it was time to leave. On the drive home Hutch was so drunk that he puked all over Luke's dad's car and passed out. Luke was home one day and decided to take a walk with his dog Daisy. Before he knew it he had walked to what was now his ex-girlfriend Megan's house, which was three miles away from his house. When he looked closer at her house he noticed that Megan was outside on her horse and one of his friends, Tony was also on a horse right next to her. At about this time Daisy jumped away from Luke and went to Megan. When Daisy got there Megan saw here and said, ?I wonder where Luke is, because it's not like Daisy to run off unless Luke is coming this way. Come on Daisy, Let's go find Luke.?(pg. 116) After they had walked far enough away from Luke he decided to climb up the mountain instead of taking the trail. When he was about half way up he was trying to hold on when a chunk of ice fell from somewhere above and pierced into his right eye. When this happened he thought ?NO! Not again!? Megan and Tony found him finally and brought him up by tying a rope to him and pulling him up with the horses. The falcon was the first book that I've that was written in a journal-form. I don't necessarily know if this was the best way to tell the story, but it works. I would have rather read it in a third-person form. The authors intent to tell what happened to Luke when he was younger could have been told at the beginning of the story instead of the end. I didn't like it that Luke would give clues of something happening when he was younger and then cross it off right before he got to the part I wanted to know. But I look at it this way, If it wasn't for this I probably wouldn't have finished the book. It made me want to know

Sunday, March 8, 2020

Corneal Transplantation Essays

Corneal Transplantation Essays Corneal Transplantation Paper Corneal Transplantation Paper Corneal Transplantation Abstract This paper seeks to provide a brief overview of Corneal Transplantation inclusive of presentation, causation, treatment, recovery, complications, advances, etc.   In doing this, we will   define the cornea, its function, some diseases and disorders affecting the cornea, what corneal transplantation is used for, and type of problems that can develop from a corneal transplant.   Then we will discuss the follow-up and risks/complications of this type of surgery. Finally we will discuss when to call a professional after corneal transplantation; in conclusion we will look at the advances. There will be at least three types of sources used during the course of this discussion. Most of these sources will be essays and articles written by medical specialists and researchers. Introduction Corneal transplantation also referred to as corneal grafting or penetrating keratoplasty is a surgical procedure where a damaged or diseased cornea is replaced by donated corneal tissue which has been removed from a recently deceased individual having no known diseases which might affect the viability of the donated tissue. The cornea is the eyes outermost layer. It is the clear, dome-shaped surface that covers the front of the eye. The surgical procedure is performed by ophthalmologists, these are medical doctors who specialize in eyes, and are often done on an outpatient basis, meaning that the patient goes home following surgery. The need for Corneal Transplantation/Causation Corneal transplants are used to treat persistent corneal infections, diseases that cloud the cornea (corneal dystrophies), traumatic corneal injuries and corneal scars that cannot be corrected by other therapies. Some examples include: Bullous keratopathy, this is a progressive swelling and blistering of the cornea; Keratoconus, an eye disorder in which the middle of the cornea thins and eventually bulges outward; severe corneal ulcers caused by bacterial, fungal, parasitic or viral eye infections; severe traumatic injuries that pierce or cut the cornea; chemical burns of the eye; Corneal scars; Fuchs’s endothelial dystrophy, a progressive eye disease that causes swelling, cloudiness and blistering of the cornea; failure or rejection of a previous corneal transplant. Preparation for the Procedure It should be noted that in the event that the patient has any uncontrolled eye problems that might threaten the success of the surgery, the doctor will first treat them before surgery. There will also be a need for a basic medical evaluation to confirm that the patient is healthy enough to have the transplant procedure. The patient will be given instructions about when to stop eating and drinking before surgery. An antibiotic eye drops to be used before the surgery may be prescribed by the doctor. Also as part of the preparation for surgery, the doctor will need to know about any medications the patient is taking, including over-the-counter medications and natural or herbal remedies. The patient might have to discontinue or decrease certain drugs before surgery. This is because some medicines can increase the risk of bleeding or other surgical complications.   The local eye bank is expected to process and evaluate the donor cornea; this is done to confirm that the donor cornea is free of dangerous viral infections, such as human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis. The donor cornea also must be transparent and structurally sound. The Corneal Transplantation Procedure The surgeon will make every attempt to confirm retinal and optic nerve function prior to surgery, so as to avoid cases in which visual improvement is unlikely. The majority of adult patients may be operated on under local anesthesia. General anesthesia will likely be required for children, anxious, or uncooperative patients. After the anesthetic is given, the surgeon usually sews a ring to the ocular surface to support the eye. The donor cornea is prepared using a punch or corneal trephine to create the corneal â€Å"button.† The corneal button will become the transplanted cornea. The diseased, or scarred, cornea is then removed using a corneal trephine, creating a â€Å"bed† for the transplant cornea. Finally, the donor cornea is gently sewn into place with ultra-fine sutures which is approximately one-third the thickness of human hair, or less. Corneal transplantation may be combined with other procedures, particularly cataract extraction with intraocular lens implantation. Follow-Up/Recovery After the transplant surgery, the patient must be careful not to touch or press the eye. However, any discomfort can be relieved with over-the-counter pain pills. Usually, the first follow-up visit will be scheduled for the day after surgery, during which the doctor will remove the eye patch and check the new cornea. Special steroid eye drops to help prevent the body from rejecting the transplanted tissue will be prescribed by the doctor. At the end of this visit, the doctor will either leave the eye patch off or ask that the patient wear it a little while longer. The eye patch will remain in place for one to four days after surgery.   The surgeon will likely begin to remove some sutures from the cornea within a few weeks to a few months after surgery. However, all of the sutures need not be removed. In general, sutures are removed to help alleviate astigmatism once the cornea begins to show signs of being securely healed into place. Risks/Complications The most common complication of corneal transplantation is rejection of the new cornea. This is called graft rejection where the bodys immune system identifies the donor cornea as a foreign tissue and begins to attack it. In most cases, it can be treated successfully with medication. Although most corneal transplants are successful, the risks of the transplant procedure include bleeding, infection, broken sutures and anesthetic side effects from anesthesia. In addition, since transplantation opens the front of the eye, there is some danger that eye fluid may start to leak out of the eye after surgery. There is also a risk that fluid pressure inside the eye will become abnormally high or low, or that the retina may detach that is, separate from the back of the eye. All of these problems are rare. Overall, more than 90% of corneal transplants are successful. Most people find that their vision improves significantly following a corneal transplant, although many people have a degree of a stigmatism, an uneven contour of the cornea that can cause some vision problems such as blurriness. After a transplant, vision improves gradually over a period of months. When to call a Professional It is advisable to that a doctor should be called immediately if the patient develops any of the following symptoms after a corneal transplant: pain or increased discomfort in the eye that received the transplant, increased redness of the eye, unusual sensitivity to light, decreased vision and flashing lights or floaters (semitransparent floating shapes) in your field of vision. Conclusion It is note worthy that the chances of success of this operation have risen dramatically because of technological advances, such as less irritating sutures, or threads, which are often finer than a human hair; and the surgical microscope. Corneal transplantation has restored sight to many, who a generation ago would have been blinded permanently by corneal injury, infection, or inherited corneal disease or degeneration. References Albert, Daniel M., Frederick A. Jakobiec (2000). Principles and Practice of Ophthalmology, 2nd Edition. Braunweld, Eugene, Anthony Fauci, Dennis Kasper, Stephen Hauser, Dan Longo, J. Jameson, Harrisons(Feb., 2001). Principles of Internal Medicine. Aetna Intelihealth site: intelihealth.com/IH/ihtIH/WSIHW000/24479/32200.html

Friday, February 21, 2020

The fame of michael jackson in middle east Essay

The fame of michael jackson in middle east - Essay Example Michael Jackson achieved his popularity in the Middle East from several of his strengths and preferences despite him being a very troubled man. It is paramount that the success story was not achieved easily but was one that was realized through resilience and hard work. The pop star overcame the racial discrimination age and was able to secure white audience along with his black supporters. Michael Jackson’s iconicity evolved around a combination of multiculturalism, religious orientation, and commitment to philanthropy, American individualism, and consumer capitalism as well as his regular world tours. Philanthropic ambitions by Michael Jackson at the height of his widespread music career saw him undertake a new interest in other cultures and religions, particularly the Muslim culture and the Arabian culture. At one time, Michael admitted to a preference for the Islam religion as he felt that the Islam religion resonated more with his values and believed. He even donated money to build a mosque in the Bahraini capital where he used to own a house. He also had several friends in Bahrain including the son of the former dictator Muammar Gaddafi. It was evident that most of the Bahraini people loved Michael because when he passed away, most people commented that they had lost a fellow Bahraini. The â€Å"Bad† world tour lasted over 16 months and involved con certs performed by Michael in 15 countries. In the concerts, Michael campaigned against racialism, social injustices, poverty, and environmental degradation. He achieved the sensitization against all these vices through his lyrics and imagery in his music such as ‘we are the world’ and ‘they don’t’ care about us’. Michael Jackson’s fans in the Middle East began to see Michael as a global symbol and not merely as an American. His music became the first popular music to be allowed in most Middle and Far East countries such as China in the 1980s when these countries were opening up. Most